發布時間：2020-11-20 發布人：山東股章瀏覽次數：731次 來源：www.newadnetwork.com
Generally speaking, there are three kinds of ownership structure: one is unitary ownership structure; the other is dual ownership structure; the third is 4x4 ownership structure.
The unitary ownership structure refers to the equity proportion, voting right and dividend right.
In this structure, the rights of all the minority shareholders are determined according to the proportion of shares. This is a simple ownership structure, what needs to be avoided is the deadlock of the company!
In practice, there are several "nodes" of voting rights: one is that one shareholder holds more than 33% of the capital contribution; the other is that there are only two shareholders and the contribution ratio of both parties is 51% and half 49%; the third is that one party's contribution ratio is more than 66%; the fourth is that there are two shareholders and each party's contribution ratio is 50%. Here, the third contribution ratio means that the company will not form an impasse under any circumstances, because the proportion of voting rights has reached more than "two thirds". Any voting matter can be unilaterally formed into a company resolution, unless the articles of association limit the number of shareholders who must "agree". What's worse is that the fourth ownership structure, with 50% of the voting rights of the two shareholders, means that any resolution made by the company must be agreed by both parties.
2. The dual ownership structure refers to the unequal proportion arrangement of equity proportion, voting right and dividend right, which separates the shareholders' rights.
After the amendment of the company law of our country, it is stipulated that the articles of association can stipulate different rights for the same share. Of course, under the joint stock company, only different types of shareholders can design in this way, and the rights of the same class of shares should be consistent. This kind of architecture design is suitable for those who need to give the dividend right to some partners, but give the decision-making power to the founders.
3. 4x4 equity structure, which is based on the dual equity structure, divides the company's shareholders into four types: founders, partners, employees and investors, and makes overall arrangements for their rights to achieve the five goals mentioned above.