發布時間：2021-03-04 發布人：山東股章瀏覽次數：755次 來源：www.newadnetwork.com
A relatively reasonable ownership structure should follow one principle: "451 principle". In other words, "4" stands for four shareholders, that is, the company should not have more than four shareholders when it is a founding partner. In this way, the decision-making power can be relatively concentrated, and the strategic level of the start-up company is controlled by a small number of people; "5" stands for more than 50% of the shares, that is, the major shareholder of the company holds more than half of the shares of the company; "1" means that the company should only have one The core "leader" is a core major shareholder.
Following the "451" principle, the founder generally holds 50% - 60% of the shares of the company. The remaining 20% - 30% will be left to the start-up partners who start full-time work and those who are willing to contribute and invest. For the remaining 10-20%, the enterprise can make an "option pool" to introduce new talents, or distribute the shares of the "option pool" according to everyone's contribution after the company develops and grows; it is agreed with the investors that the part of the "option pool" is not allowed to be diluted.
Of course, when the company develops to different stages, there will be different equity design schemes. For example, Huawei has gone through the start-up period and the development period, and has entered a very stable mature period. At this time, Huawei has allocated 98% of its shares to its employees. As we all know, Ren Zhengfei currently holds only 1.4% of the company's shares.
Although he has a very small share, Ren Zhengfei still has the final say in HUAWEI. Whether it is Alibaba's Jack Ma or Tencent's Ma Huateng, the leaders of these listed companies only account for less than 10% of the company's shares, and still firmly control the company.
Future entrepreneurs will have less and less shares in the company, but more and more wealth on hand. What is more important is that when the company is still small, the company or the boss of the enterprise still needs to allocate equity when the cash flow is insufficient. At this time, the team should ask the market for benefits together: what we share is the future profits, and what we share is the tomorrow profits. Therefore, any company, when starting a business, should do a good job in equity planning and layout!